University of California, Berkeley
The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal., or California) is a public land-grant research university in Berkeley, California. Founded in 1868 as the University of California, it is the state’s first land-grant university and the first campus in the University of California system. Its fourteen colleges and schools offer 350-degree programs and enroll some 31,000 undergraduate and 12,000 graduate students. Berkeley is ranked among the top universities in the world.
A founding member of the Association of American Universities, Berkeley hosts several major research institutions, including the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute and the Space Science Laboratory. It established and maintained close ties with three national laboratories in Berkeley, Livermore and Los Alamos, and played a major role in many scientific advances, from the Manhattan Project’s discovery of 16 chemical elements to breakthroughs in computer science and genomics. has played. Berkeley is also known for political activism and the free speech movement of the 1960s.
Berkeley’s athletic teams, which compete primarily in the Pac-12 Conference as the California Golden Bears, have won 107 national championships, and its students and alumni have won 223 Olympic medals (including 121 gold medals).
Among its alumni, faculty, and researchers, Berkeley has more Nobel Prize winners than any other public university in the country Turing Prize winners (25), Fields medalists (14), and Wolf Prize winners (30). Huh; It is affiliated with 34 Pulitzer Prizes, 19 Academy Awards, and more MacArthur “Genius Grants” (108) and the National Medal of Science (68) than any other public institution. The university has produced seven heads of state or government; Six Chief Justices, including Chief Justice of the United States Earl Warren; 22 cabinet-level officials; 11 Governor; and 25 living billionaires. It is also a major producer of Fulbright Scholars, MacArthur Fellows, and Marshall Scholars. Widely recognized for their entrepreneurship, Berkeley alumni include Apple, Tesla, Intel, eBay, SoftBank, AIG and Morgan. Stanley has founded several notable companies including.
University of California, Berkeley
|Former name||University of California (1868–1958)|
|Motto||Fiat Lux (Latin|
|Motto in English||“Let there be light”|
|Type||public land-grant research university|
|Founded on||March 23, 1868|
|Parent Institute||University of California
|AAU IARU URA UCAR APRU space-grant
|Total Staff||23,524 (2020)|
|Students||45,057 (Fall 2021)|
|Graduation||31,814 (Fall 2021)|
|PG||13,243 (Fall 2021)|
|Location||Berkeley, California, United States
37°52′19″N 122°1531″W Coordinates: 37°52′19″N 122°15′31″W
Core Campus: 178 acres (72 ha)
Total: 8,163 acres (3,303 ha)
Founding of University of California, Berkeley
The University of California was established in 1868 as the state’s first land-grant university, based on the lands and facilities of the private College of California and federal-funding of the public. Ability was inherited. College of Agriculture, Mining and Mechanical Arts. The Organic Act declare that “the University shall, for its design, literature and arts, industrial and vocational activities, provide instruction and complete and complete education in all departments of science, and general education, and in preparation There will also be special courses of instruction in the profession”.
Ten faculty members and 40 male students formed this fledgling university when it opened in Oakland in 1869. A trustee at the College of California, Frederick H. Billings, suggested that a new campus be named in honor of the Anglo-Irish philosopher George Berkeley, north of Oakland. The university start admitting women the following year. In 1870, Henry Durant, the founder of the College of California, became its first president. With the completion of the North and South Halls in 1873, the university moved to its Berkeley location with 167 male and 22 female students. The first female student to graduate was in 1874 by Rosa L. Scrivener, who was admitted to the first class to include women in 1870.
Starting in 1891, Phoebe Epperson Hearst funded a number of programs and new buildings and, in 1898, sponsored an international competition in Antwerp, Belgium, where French architect mile Benard submitted the winning design for a campus master plan.
Berkeley is a large, primarily residential Tier One research university, with the majority of enrollment in undergraduate programs, but also offering a comprehensive doctoral program. The university has been accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges Senior Colleges and the University Commission since 1949.The university operates on a semester calendar and awarded 8,725 bachelor’s, 3,286 master’s or professional and 1,272 doctoral degrees in 2018–2019.
The academic enterprise of the university is organized into 14 colleges and schools, consisting of 180 departments and 80 interdisciplinary units that offer more than 350-degree programs. Colleges serve both undergraduate and graduate students, while schools generally only graduate, although some offer undergraduate majors or minors.
college of chemistry
College of Engineering
environmental design college
College of Letters and Science
Graduate School of Education
Graduate School of Journalism
Haas School of Business
Goldman School of Public Policy
Rauser College of Natural Resources
school of information
school of Law
school of optometry
public health school
social welfare school
UC Berkeley Extension
The four-year, full-time undergraduate program offers 107 bachelor’s degrees across the Haas School of Business (1), College of Chemistry (5), College of Engineering (20), College of Environmental Design (4), College of Letters and Science (67), Rausser College of Natural Resources (10), and individual majors (2).] The most popular majors are Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Political Science, Molecular and Cell Biology, Environmental Science, and Economics.
Requirements for undergraduate degrees are set by four authorities: the University of California system, the Berkeley campus, the college or school, and the department. These requirements include an entry-level writing requirement before enrollment (typically fulfilled by minimum scores on standardized admissions exams such as the SAT or ACT), completing coursework on “American History and Institutions” before or after enrollment by taking an introductory class, passing an “American Cultures Breadth” class at Berkeley, as well as requirements for reading and composition and specific requirements declared by the department and school. Three-hour final examinations are required in most undergraduate classes and take place over a week following the last day of instruction in mid-December for the Fall semester and in mid-May for the Spring semester. Academic grades are reported on a four-point, five-letter scale (A thru F) with grade points being modified by three-tenths of point for pluses and minuses, save for the A+, which carries just four points. Requirements for academic honors are specified by individual schools and colleges, scholarly prizes are typically awarded by departments, and students are elected to honor societies based on these organizations’ criteria.
Graduate and professional programs
Berkeley has a “broad” graduate program, which has a high coexistence with undergraduate programs, and offers interdisciplinary graduate programs with the medical schools at UCSF (various masters and doctorates) and Stanford (MD/MPH). Is. The university offers professional degrees such as Juris Doctor, Master of Business Administration, Master of Public Health and Master of Design in addition to Master of Arts, Master of Science, Master of Fine Arts and PhD degrees. In 2017 the university of California awarded 963 doctoral degrees and 3,531 master’s degrees. Admission to graduate programs is decentralized; Applicants apply directly to the department or degree program. Most graduate students of the university are supported by fellowships, teaching assistantships, or research assistantships. The 2010 United States National Research Council Rankings identified UC Berkeley as having the highest number of doctoral programs in the nation. Berkeley doctoral programs ranked #1 include agricultural and resource economics,
astrophysics, chemistry, civil and environmental engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, English, epidemiology, geography, German, mathematics, mechanical engineering, Biochemistry and molecular biology include genetics. Physics, Genomics, and Development, Political Science and Plant Biology. between 2001 and 2010, Berkeley was also the #1 recipient of National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowships with 1,333 awards.
Faculty and Research
Main articles: List of UC Berkeley faculty; research centers and laboratories at UC Berkeley; and list of Nobel laureates associated with the University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley is classified as “R1: Doctoral University – Very High Research Activity”. In fiscal year 2021, Berkeley’s funding for research and development exceeded $1 billion. More than 130 academics There are 1,629 full-time and 896 part-time faculty members across departments and over 80 interdisciplinary research units.The current faculty includes 260 American Academy of Sciences and Arts Fellows, 77 Fulbright Scholars, three Fields Medalists, 139 Guggenheim Fellows, 78 members of the National Academy of Engineering, eight Nobel Prize winners, 149 members of the National Academy of Sciences,]. Are included., 125 Sloan Fellows, four Pulitzer Prize winners, 8 Wolf Prize winners and 1 Pritzker Prize winner.
library system/University of California, Berkeley Library System
The on-campus University of California Museum of Paleontology hosts a life-size replica of a T-Rex.Berkeley’s 32 libraries together have over 13 million volumes and cover 12 acres (4.9 ha) of land, making it one of the largest library complexes in the world. The Doe Library serves as the library system’s reference, periodical, and administrative center, while most of the main collections reside in the underground Gardner Main Stacks and Moffitt Undergraduate Library. The Bancroft Library, which contains more than 400,000 printed volumes and 70 million manuscripts, drawings, and maps, houses the Special Collection that documents the history of the western part of North America, with an emphasis on California, Mexico, and Central America. The Bancroft Library also houses the Mark Twain Papers, the Oral History Center, the Center for the Tabtunis Papyri and the University Archives.
Ranking of University of California, Berkeley
Globally, for 2020-21 Berkeley is ranked 4th by US News & World Report, 5th by Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), 7th by Times Higher Education World University Rankings and 30th by QS World University Rankings has given. Additionally, Times Higher Education considers Berkeley one of the world’s “six super brands” by reputation, along with Cambridge, Harvard, MIT, Oxford and Stanford. For 2020-21, the Center for World University Rankings (CWUR) ranked the university 12th on the basis of quality of education, employability of alumni, quality of faculty and research performance. In 2017, the Nature Index ranked the university the ninth largest contributor to papers published in 82 major journals.
Address and contact
Address: Office of Undergraduate Admissions
University of California, Berkeley
110 Sproul Hall #5800,
Berkeley, CA 94720-5800.
read it :